What Are The 9 Types Of Curriculum?

What is an official curriculum?

The official curriculum can be simply defined by the way curriculum itself has been traditionally understood: as the course of study, body of courses, or program of training at a school or university..

What is a Phantom curriculum?

Phantom curriculum: The messages prevalent in and through exposure to any type of. media. These components and messages play a major part in the enculturation of students. into the predominant meta-culture or in acculturating students into narrower or generational. subcultures.

What are the components of curriculum?

Any curriculum consists of several components: objectives, attitudes, time, students and teachers, needs analysis, classroom activities, materials, study skills, language skills, vocabulary, grammar and assessment.

What are the 7 types of curricula in school?

In understanding curriculums, it helps to distinguish between these types: the recommended curriculum, the written curriculum, the taught curriculum, the supported curriculum, the tested curriculum, and the learned curriculum.

What is the social curriculum?

Social curriculum is a means to teach students how to interact and empathize with one another. … When students learn a social curriculum they are socially aware and emotionally intelligent. They understand their emotions as well as the emotions of others.

What are the six approaches to curriculum?

According to Ornstein and Hunkins (2009) six curriculum approaches are Behavioral Approach, Managerial Approach, Systems Approach, Academic Approach, Reconceptualist Approach, and Humanistic Approach. Each one is important to our definition of the word curriculum.

What are the benefits of having an official curriculum?

Documenting curriculum improves the teaching process. It gives teachers tangible resources and goals, stimulates creativity, and enables self-reflection. And, most importantly, documenting curriculum improves student outcomes.

Which curriculum model is the best?

The Tyler ModelThe Tyler Model • One of the best known curriculum models is The Tyler Model introduced in 1949 by Ralph Tyler in his classic book Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction in which he asked 4 questions: 1.

What is difference between curriculum and syllabus?

Curriculum and Syllabus Curriculum is the complete set of taught material in a school system. It is prescriptive (as opposed to the ‘descriptive’ syllabus, which is the outline of topics covered. If the curriculum prescribes the objectives of the system, the syllabus describes the means to achieve them).

Who is the father of curriculum?

Ralph W. Tyler (22 April 1902-18 February 1994) is often referred to as “The Father of Evaluation or Father of Behavioral Objectives.” He is associated with curriculum theory and development and educational assessment and evaluation.

Can a school exist without curriculum?

In education, curriculum is one of the most significant learning development for students. It is considered the “heart” of any learning institution which means that schools cannot exist without a curriculum.

What is the null curriculum?

The null curriculum refers to what students do not have the opportunity to learn. In this case, students are learning something based on the absence of certain experiences, interactions, and discourses in the classroom.

What are the main types of curriculum?

There are three basic types of curriculum design—subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered design. Subject-centered curriculum design revolves around a particular subject matter or discipline, such as mathematics, literature or biology.

What are the 5 basic types of curriculum?

The five basic types of curriculum are Traditional, Thematic, Programmed, Classical, and Technological.

What is the content model of curriculum?

The content view of the curriculum is concerned, mainly, with what students learn. The ‘process’ model, in contrast, is concerned with how students learn and with their growth and development as human beings. … Knowledge, Stenhouse suggested, should principally be seen in the curriculum as a medium for thinking.”

What is the purpose of hidden curriculum?

The hidden-curriculum concept is based on the recognition that students absorb lessons in school that may or may not be part of the formal course of study—for example, how they should interact with peers, teachers, and other adults; how they should perceive different races, groups, or classes of people; or what ideas …

What is the purpose of curriculum?

​The purpose of the curriculum is encapsulated in the four capacities – to enable each child or young person to be a successful learner, a confident individual, a responsible citizen and an effective contributor.

The Recommended Curriculum is the name given to the curriculum construed by the educational stakeholders at the national level. It is more general and usually consists of policy guidelines. It actually reflects the impact of “opinion shapers” such as: policy makers.

What makes curriculum difficult?

It is difficult to give a definition for curriculum development, because it will always be affected very strongly by the context in which it takes place. … We can think of curriculum development as a continuous process, which is relevant to the situation where it takes place, and flexible, so you can adapt it over time.

What are the five sources of curriculum design?

There are many sources of curriculum design and among them includes science, morals, learner, knowledge, and society. Some see curriculum design as a scientific process and they focus on quantifying the elements of the curriculum. This group often focus on thinking strategies and elements of cognitive psychology.

How do you build a curriculum?

6 steps to building a curriculumStep 1: Crack open the standards. … Step 2: Create a scope and sequence for your units. … Step 3: Develop the final assessment for each unit. … Step 4: Develop lessons or activities. … Step 5: Differentiate. … Step 6: Do a mental walk through.